Important laws every Indian must know
2. Criminal Procedure Code
3. Civil Procedure Code
4. Indian Penal Code
5. The Transfer of Properties Act, 1952 (as amended)
6. The Companies Act, 1956 ( as amended)
7. The Income Tax Act, 1961 ( as amended)
8. The Central Excise Act, 1944 ( as amended)
9. The Sale of Goods Act, 1930
These should cover it all. As a citizen of India, you should have knowledge of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 7.
First and foremost one must be aware of his fundamental rights
- RTI Act 2005
- Lokpal and Lokayukta Act 2013
- Consumer Protection Act 1986
- Right to service acts of various states
- National Legal Services Authority Act
- Traffic rules, bylaws etc enacted by states and local bodies
- Mandates and jurisdictions of different directorates and government agencies
- Proposed Right to service delivery and Grievance Redressal Bill by GoI
How it useful?
A single written complaint can jeopardize the govt servants career/pension/gratuity or at least he can be suspended and will be without or half pay till the disciplinary proceedings get over,
This is very important law:
If a police officer fails to or refuses to record your initial complaint, he can receive a jail term of six months to two years.
So next time a police officer refuses to lodge your complaint, tell him you know the law!!!
Human rights commission Forum contacts India
K Sobha Rani
Behind Post Office
Beeram Ram Reddy
Post Timmapuram (haveli)
Warandal District- 506005
Human rights against police
what if police officers beat you?
you can complaint to the magistrate, they don’t have the right.
appeal, review, revise
powers of the police under crpc and the general public
Police Arrest Must follow 41-47 rules
Section Arrest without Warrant 41
arrest without the warrant not necessary here.
(1) Any police officer may without an order from a Magistrate and without a warrant, arrest any person –
(a)who has been concerned in any cognizable offence, or against whom a reasonable complaint has been made, or credible information has been received, or a reasonable suspicion exists, of his having been so concerned; or(b) who has in his possession without lawful excuse, the burden of proving which excuse shall lie on such person, any implement of house-breaking; or(c) who has been proclaimed as an offender either under this Code or by order of the State Government; or(d) in whose possession anything is found which may reasonably be suspected to be stolen property and who may reasonably be suspected of having committed an offence with reference to such thing; or(e) who obstructs a police officer while in the execution of his duty, or who has escaped, or attempts to escape, from lawful custody; or(f) who is reasonably suspected of being a deserter from any of the Armed Forces of the Union; or(g) who has been concerned in, or against whom a reasonable complaint has been made, or credible information has been received, or a reasonable suspicion exists, of his having been concerned in, any act committed at any place out of India which, if committed in India, would have been punishable as an offence, and for which he is, under any law relating to extradition, or otherwise, liable to be apprehended or detained in custody in India; or(h) who, being a released convict, commits a breach of any rule made under sub-section (5) of section 356; or(I) for whose arrest any requisition, whether written or oral, has been received from another police officer, provided that the requisition specifies the person to be arrested and the offence or other cause for which the arrest is to be made and it appears therefrom that the person might lawfully be arrested without a warrant by the officer who issued the requisition.
(2) Any officer in charge of a police station may, in like manner, arrest or cause to be arrested any person, belonging to one or more of the categories of persons specified in section 109 or section 110.
CrPC section 42: Arrest if accused person refused to give his information, arrest only for 24 hours, if person given the information they have to release for that case only, if not after 24 hours police officer have to present accused person in front of magistrate.
43, Arrest private person,44 Arrest by magistrate,45, protection of Armed force (police,crpf,cisf etc)from arrest, 46 How Arrest made.
Rights of an Arrested person
- Right to know the reason:
- Right to told/consult/ the Arrest, defending by law office under Constitution Article 22 (1), “No person who is arrested shall be detained in custody without being informed, as soon as may be, of the grounds for such arrest nor shall he be denied the right to consult, and to be defended by, a legal practitioner of his choice.”
- Right to be informed about the right to inform of his arrest to his relative or friend – as per section 50 A in 2005.
- right to examine by the medical practitioner
- right to free legal Aid
habeas corpus writ: an order to submit arrested person in front of court within 24 hours.
FIR SEC 157 IN CRPC, Refer Sec 145, 157 of Evidence Act)
Read Chap V (Arrest of Persons) Sections 41 to 60-A. This will give you a clear picture of when a police officer can arrest you.
3. Read Chapter XII (Information to the Police and their Powers to Investigate) Sections 154 to 167 – This lays down the procedure of registration of an FIR, what happens after its registration, the actions police can/ cannot take.
All bare acts: http://www.vakilno1.com/laws-indian-bareacts
Indian penal code http://www.advocatekhoj.com/library/bareacts/indianpenalcode/index.php?Title=Indian%20Penal%20Code,%201860
Indian penal code bare act download
link 1 IPC 1860 in pdf 45
preliminary inquiry should be time bound and not take more than one week.
But, if the information given clearly mentions the commission of a cognizable offence, there is no other option but to register an FIR forthwith. sections 154, 156, 157.
Section 154 about filing an FIR
reporting complaint guidelines http://jaagruti.org/2013/12/13/reporting-a-crime-all-about-lodging-an-f-i-r-with-the-police/
Laws Related to Women in INDIA
Indian law forum to ask questions about law
what is bare act?
Bare act is the exact text of a particular enactment, as it was passed by the legislature.In bare Act there won’t be any description, commentary or anything special but only the act in its real words.
ALL IPC SECTIONS
Important IPC Sections
268. Public nuisance.
290. Punishment for public nuisance in cases not otherwise provided for
279. Rash driving or riding on a public way1
[304B. Dowry death.—
Section 307 Attempt to murder 376 rape
308. Attempt to commit culpable homicide
329. Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act
331. Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort confession, or to compel restoration of property.—
334. Voluntarily causing hurt on provocation.
Section 302 Murder case,
Difference between Indian penal code and criminal procedure code?
IPC enlists various crimes and their punishments.
The Code of Criminal Procedure(Cr P C) is essentially a procedural law prescribing the procedure for investigation and trial of an offence.
498 A dowry act 1961 No automatic Arrest after july 2nd 2014 some states follow and some not. along 41, 41A
Section 41, 41A, 41B of CrPC which govern arrest by police without warrant
CrPC 125 Order for maintenance of wives, children, and parents
Multiple maintenances under DV Act denied when CrPC 125 already decided
Sections 96 to 106 of Indian Penal Code gives you the right to protect yourself (IPC Section 97 further extends the right to protect your property(ies)) from any serious physical harm, however, limited with the restrictions from IPC Section 99.