There is a constant irritation in the eyes experienced by people suffering from dry eyes. The symptoms of dry eyes vary. Like many complain of :
- Burning sensation
- Itchy eyes
- Aching sensations
- Heavy eyes
- Fatigued eyes
- Blurry vision
Dry Eyes Causes
Dryness is caused by lack of adequate tears. Tear is a combination of water for moisture, Oils for lubrication, Mucus for even spreading and Antibodies to keep the infection away. This combination keeps the eyes smooth and clear. Any factor that affects this combination leads to dryness in eyes. For instance, the oil layer produced by small glands(meibomian glands) might be clogged.
Some other factors that cause imbalance in the tear-flow system:
- Certain medical conditions ( Rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, thyroid disorder, vitamin A deficiency)
- Menopause(Natural ageing process)
- Air conditioner, Heater
- Being in smoke, dry climate.
- Blinking less often(while reading, driving or working at a computer)
- Wearing contact lenses for a long duration.
- Using certain drugs (sleeping pills, allergy medications)
And as odd as it may sound, watery eyes also can be a symptom of dry eye syndrome. This is because dryness on the eye’s surface sometimes will over-stimulate production of the watery component of your tears as a protective mechanism.
Facts and Research
- Dry eye is more prevalent in cities with high levels of air pollution and cities with high altitude, says one study.
- More than 75 percent of women who routinely use a computer at work may suffer from dry eye disease, according to researchers in Japan. Among male workers studied, it was 60.2 percent. Risk factors for dry eye included being over 30 and using a computer more than eight hours per day
- Reading speed can slow down for dry eye sufferers, another study found. And reading rates decrease as the severity of the dry eye disease increase.
Dry Eyes Treatment
Consult with an ophthalmologist. Usual treatments suggested are
Artificial Teardrop or ointments
This is the most common treatment. Usually, if a chronic dry eye is experienced, eye drops are used even when eyes feel fine to make them wet enough. If eyes dry out while in sleep, thick product, like an ointment, is used.
Conserving Tears (surgical method)
The ophthalmologist may suggest blocking tear ducts. This makes natural tears stay in the eyes longer. Tiny silicone or gel plugs (called punctal plugs) is inserted in the tear ducts. These plugs can be removed later as needed.
Environmental and lifestyle changes
- Cutting back on screen time and taking periodic eye breaks may help.
- Closing the eyes for a few minutes, or blinking repeatedly for a few seconds, may replenish basal tears and spread them more evenly across the eye.
- Sunglasses that wrap around the face and have side shields that block wind and dry air can reduce symptoms in windy or dry conditions.
- Adding omega – 3 fatty acids to the diet.They are found naturally in oily fish (such as salmon, sardines, tuna, trout, and anchovies), and in flaxseeds.
In summary, give artificial tears a try, and increase your intake of omega-3 fatty acids. Also, please see an ophthalmologist. The Doctor can determine whether an inflammatory disorder, such as blepharitis or Sjogren’s, is the cause of your symptoms.
Causes And Symptoms Of Dry Eyes And How To Deal With The Syndrome Using Eye Drops
The Dry eyes symptom can point towards several causes and conditions, such as staring at one object such as a computer for too long, or being out in the open on a windy day. The causes can be a new medication that you are using for some illness or an existing health problem. You will certainly seek some relief when you experience the burning feeling generated by dry eyes.
How to deal with dry eyes
A large number of eye drops are available for instant relief fortunately and also there are products that you should steer clear of and opt for medications that are more effective and safer. Before you find a suitable eye drop to soothe your eyes you should also consider the circumstances that have led you to the predicament because your ophthalmic doctor will like to know before prescribing drops. When tears are in short supply eyes cannot keep the lubrication and the relative comfort. When there is lack of moisture in the eyes your cornea suffers agitation and that could produce the considerable amount of discomfort. Because of tear coating of the cornea, your eyes remain healthy and moist.
Causes and Symptoms
Environmental and biological conditions can inspire dry eyes and they could include pregnancy, hormone replacement therapy for women, blood pressure medications, decongestants, and antihistamines. Side effects of these conditions are dry eyes. If you have gone through LASIK surgery then you may suffer from dryness and contact lenses can be other sources of drier eyes. Insufficient blinking is another source of eye strain and eventual dryness of eye and allergies relevant to seasons can cause eye dryness. There is more, such as the disease relevant to immune system and diseases connected to the skin around the eyes. The condition may get worse as you advance in years and it is a common occurrence in old age.
Treatment for Dry Eyes
An Eye drop is essential for the dry conditions in the eye. The choice of the drop will depend on what kind of dryness you are experiencing and what has caused it. Over-the-counter drops, gels and ointments that you can routinely buy contain substances that help eyes retain the moisture. They include lubricants, potassium and electrolytes. For chronic eye problems, prescription drops are essential and the most common is Cyclosporine (Restasis) which a person uses for treating eye inflammation responsible for dry eyes. This medicine is recommended for long-term use in conditions like keratoconjunctivitis sicca or Dry Eye Syndrome. The drop is administered twice a day. It helps increase the production of tears, however, the drop is prescription medication and is can cause side effects.
The eye drops for dry eyes come in two categories and they are with preservatives and without preservatives. Preservatives in the drops are added to prevent bacteria growth and some people may find them irritating in the eyes. These kinds of drops are essential only for chronic conditions or advanced eye dryness. The drops without preservatives are recommended for people with the moderate condition and you will find them in single-use containers. As expected the drops will be most expensive.
What Causes Dry Eyes And What Are The Symptoms And Treatments?
What is Dry Eyes Syndrome and what are the causes? It is common for people to complaint of eyes being dry which is mostly attributed to air-conditioning at home and offices, starting at a your desktop computer for a long time or use of contact lenses. Here we explore the cause of “dry eyes” and their symptoms and possible treatments in the following segments.
The disease occurs when you have not enough tears to lubricate, moisten and protect your eyes. Small amount of tears are constantly produced by your tear glands and it is spread over the eyeball surface when you blink. A layer of tear must cover the eyes if it has to remain healthy and it can be noticed when tears spill out when you cry or laugh. Blinking often in order to create tear is not going to help with the syndrome. There are two types of dryness in the eyes and one of them is “tear deficiency” which happens when your eyes are unable to produce enough tears and the second is the “evaporative dry eyes “in which tears are produced in plenty but they evaporate rather quickly thus leaving the surface of eyes dry.
Dryness can be attributed to several factors including biological shortcomings, diet, and environmental factors and it can also be attributed to advanced age, because production of tears is liable to reduce when you get old. This is especially true with women experiencing menopausal and postmenopausal as their oestrgoen drops during this time which leads to less or no production of mucus resulting in to dry eyes.
Evaporative eyes syndrome can be caused by constantly looking at computer screen up-close or other objects. When you look at the screen constantly you hardly blink and this reduces the flow of tears. Heating or Air-conditioning can be the culprits as they produce dry air which is drier than natural draft and eyes dry out quickly owing to that. Eyes can also dry up when cold and windy conditions prevail and this can also happen to your skin. There are the reasons why people experience drier eyes in winters. If you are suffering from vitamin A or D deficiencies you could experience the same.
- Itching around or on the eyes
- Painful, red or swollen eyes
- Sensitivity to light
- Discomfort in wearing contact lenses
- Gritty and sandy feeling in eyes
- Blurred vision
- Eye lids glued together especially when you wake up from sleep
- Limit exposure of eyes to factors that causes the dryness syndrome
- Reduce time with your PC and avoid air-conditioning
- While working with your PC remember to blink your eyes often or stick a note on it to remind you
- You can find relief in the application eye drops that contain lubricants
- Eye drops prescribed by your doctor can give you relief from dry eyes
Seeking professional help such as your doctor in this matter is advised because it involves your eyes after all.
If you experience eye dryness take it seriously and ask your physician or eye specialist to prescribe medication.